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Mossyrock Dam


Mossyrock Dam produces enough electricity for 78,000 homes

Mossyrock Dam, completed in 1968, stands 606 feet from bedrock and is Washington’s tallest dam.

  • Produces clean, renewable electricity that serves more than 78,000 Northwest homes
  • Has three penstocks between 248 and 285 feet in length that extend down to the powerhouse
  • Is a double curvature concrete arch dam

We replaced the 40-year-old turbine generators in the powerhouse in 2010 and 2011. The new turbines are more efficient. They produce more power with the same amount of water.

Riffe Lake


Mossyrock Dam spillway piers

Mossyrock Dam forms Riffe Lake. Riffe (rhymes with "life") Lake, when it’s full, is 23.5 miles long, covers 11,830 acres and has 52 miles of shoreline. The lake was named after a small pioneering community that was covered when the lake was formed.

2017 Riffe Lake levels

Based on new information about regional seismicity, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) recently revised its earthquake predictions for the Cowlitz River basin. Although the probability of a large earthquake is very low, the revisions showed an increase to the potential impact just on the spillways of Mossyrock Dam (not to the dam structure itself). To protect public safety, Tacoma Power has proposed to hold Riffe Lake’s elevation down approximately 30 feet lower than full (778 ft.) at least into the next decade. Approval by the federal agency that regulates the utility is pending.

Public safety

  • Public safety is our top priority. Although there is a very low probability of the type of seismic activity that would cause the spillways to fail, we have a responsibility to operate in a way that limits the risk to the public. Keeping the lake level lower accomplishes that. There are no modifications to the operations at Mayfield Dam.
  • If we experience significant rainfall or a flood event, Tacoma Power may need to use the storage capacity of Riffe Lake to minimize downstream flooding by temporarily allowing the lake level to rise. After the risk of downstream flooding passes, we would then gradually lower the reservoir.

 Seismic information

  • Mossyrock Dam is a tall, double curvature arch with spillways located high in the middle of the dam. No concrete arch dams have failed due to earthquakes. However, preliminary analysis concluded that specific seismic events could cause the spillway piers to fail, which could cause the spillway gates to fail, resulting in an uncontrolled release of water and considerable downstream flooding. Lowering the lake level will limit the impact.
  • We are looking at seismic retrofits. The development and implementation of possible solutions involves substantial analysis, planning and federal approval. The process required for making changes to a federally licensed hydroelectric dam is long and arduous.

Recreation

Tacoma Power operates two campgrounds on the shoreline of Riffe Lake: Mossyrock Park is located on the southwest shore near the dam; Taidnapam Park sits on the east end where the Cowlitz River flows into the lake.

Boating, swimming and fishing will remain possible on Riffe Lake, although access will be limited.

BOAT LAUNCHES

  • The Mossyrock Park boat launch is open with two usable lanes: one to 723 feet, the other to 737 feet. We are exploring both temporary and permanent improvements to the boat launch. Pending permits, construction of permanent improvements will occur this winter, when the reservoir is at its lowest level.
  • The Taidnapam North boat launch is open. It has two usable lanes and a dock servicing elevations down to 720 feet.
  • The Taidnapam Park boat launch will remain closed. It reaches elevation 760 feet; there is no way to lengthen it due to a drop-off at the end.
  • The Kosmos boat launch will remain closed. It is not usable below 747 feet.

SWIM BEACHES

  • The swim beach at Mossyrock Park is not usable at the lower lake level. We have applied for permits to build a new swim beach. Once we receive the permits, we can begin construction.
  • The Taidnapam Park swim beach is not usable at the lower lake level. It provided only limited use with higher lake levels. We have not identified any other suitable area for a new swim beach, but will evaluate it more under the low water conditions.

FISHING

  • The Taidnapam Park fishing bridge will be difficult to use; we don’t anticipate much fishing success at it.
  • The North Shore Fishing Access area will be usable to 740 feet.

OTHER RECREATION

  • Kosmos Flats may not be accessible to vehicles.

Cowlitz River flows below Mayfield Dam

  • Varying conditions impact downstream river flows; during normal weather and runoff conditions we do not anticipate the change in lake level will significantly alter river flows.

 Cultural resources

  • It is unlawful to remove minerals, wood and artifacts from the Cowlitz Wildlife Area and Tacoma Power lands without authorization. 

Aesthetics   

  • Natural seeding of the newly exposed lakebed areas has already started; they should be filled in within the next couple of years.

  • By way of comparison, these proposed lower lake levels will be similar to what we experienced in 2016.

Mayfield Lake operations

  • We do not anticipate the elevation changes at Riffe Lake will impact the operating range of Mayfield Lake.

For more information, please email cowlitz@cityoftacoma.org

Statistics

  • Year completed - 1968
  • River system - Cowlitz
  • Original investment - $117.8 million
  • Type of dam - concrete arch/gravity and embankment
  • Height - above riverbed, 365 feet; above bedrock, 606 feet
  • Length - 1,648 feet
  • Width - top, 27 feet, base, 115 feet
  • Volume of concrete in dam - 1.27 million cubic yards
  • Average flow - 5,140 cubic feet/second
  • Drainage area - 1,042 square miles
  • Reservoir length - 23.5 miles
  • Miles of shoreline - 52 miles
  • Reservoir area at maximum elevation - 11,830 acres
  • Reservoir elevation - full, 778.5 feet; lowest allowable, 600 feet
  • Average annual generation - 1,100,000,000 kilowatt-hours
  • Equivalent number of NW homes served - 78,500
  • Number of generators - Two 150,000 kilowatt generators 
  • Installed capacity (nameplate rating) - 300,000 kilowatts