- Upgrade lighting with ENERGY STAR® rated LED bulbs and fixtures.
- Turn lights off in unoccupied rooms.
- Dust light bulbs and lampshades regularly to improve light output.
- Set your water heater temperature to 120°F
- Install a foam pad under water heaters that sit on concrete or uninsulated floors.
- Insulate the first three feet of pipe going to and from the water heater.
- Repair plumbing leaks.
- Install efficient showerheads and faucet aerators that use two gallons of water per minute or less.
Space Heating & Cooling
- Change or clean your heating system's filters regularly.
- Repair, seal and insulate ductwork.
- Fill your attic with 18 - 20 inches of insulation. Fill at least 6 inches of insulation under floors.
- Remove dust from baseboard or wall heater grills at least once a year.
- Replace broken and single-pane windows with energy-efficient double-pane windows.
- Turn down the thermostat and use space heaters to heat only the room you are in.
Refrigerator & Freezer
- Set your refrigerator thermostat temperature to 38°F and your freezer temperature to 0°F.
- Keep your refrigerator and freezer 2/3 full. An empty appliance uses more energy.
- Vacuum or brush your refrigerator coils regularly.
- Leave at least two inches of space between walls and the refrigerator and stove.
- Replace your extra refrigerator or freezer; a 10-year-old unit can use twice as much energy as new, energy-efficient models.
- Wash full loads of laundry and dishes.
- Wash clothes in cold water - detergents clean, not the water temperature.
- Use air-dry settings and other power-saving features on your dishwasher.
- Clean your dryer's lint screen between every load.
- Check your dryer exhaust vent every six months to ensure unrestricted airflow.
Home electronics are the fastest growing energy users in the United States.
Electronics that continue to use power in stand-by mode include:
- Flat-screen TVs
- Computers, laptops and monitors
- Printers, scanners and fax machines
- Stereo amplifiers
- Gaming systems
- Cable boxes
- DVD and Blu-ray players
- Cell phone chargers
Many electronic components and devices use energy even when they appear to be turned off, often called "phantom" or "vampire" power use. To eliminate phantom energy waste:
- Unplug unused electrical devices.
- Plug home electronics into power strips; turn power strips off at night and when away from home.
- If available, turn on the power-saving feature on your electronics.